South Africa has officially entered a technical recession. “It is important for the average consumer to understand how the decline in economic activity affects them. Higher fuel prices, rising inflation and earlier in the year the VAT increase, all of these are a hard knock to the consumer’s purse. This spell requires us to manage our personal finances sternly, and good financial behaviour is a proactive approach that could see us through,” CEO & Ombudsman for Banking Services Reana Steyn echoes.
The office of the Ombudsman for Banking Services receives hundreds of complaints related to ATM related fraud. “Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) are one of the first and longest lasting ingenious measures that banks have used to offer convenience to customers. And like any other method of bank transacting, heightened awareness about the risks is essential to protect your hard-earned money,” Reana Steyn warns. “ATM related complaints continue to keep our office awake, in 2017 this was reported as the second largest category of complaints at 18% of the total number of cases opened, and well into 2018 the trend has not subsided. We are receiving and adjudicating over this type of banking problem daily. As at the end of August 2018, ATM complaints represents 16.5% of our opened cases, which means that we open between 4 to 5 such cases per day!”
The statistic reflects a mix of card cloning, card swapping, deposits not reflecting, ATM money not dispensed and phantom withdrawals, amongst some.
“We urge bank customers to be vigilant, in especially the Eastern Cape, Free State and Gauteng provinces, as the demographics show an alarming rate of reported complaints from these regions. Furthermore, women and the elderly seem to fall victim to card swapping and cards stolen, and we suspect that they are seen as “soft targets, so they need to be extra careful in handling their cards and around ATM’s” reiterates Reana Steyn.
The following case studies provide further insight into the everyday problems that consumers experience when it comes to transacting at an ATM:
Case study 1
*Mr Khoza, the complainant, alleged that he attended at an ATM and attempted to withdraw an amount of R 5000.00. According to him the ATM did not dispense the funds however his bank account was debited.
With no satisfactory resolution from the bank, Mr Khoza lodged a complaint with the OBS. We requested the bank to furnish us, inter alia, with the ATM balancing report to ascertain if the ATM balanced on this day. The report received from the bank indicated that the ATM did not balance.
The OBS concluded that the matter should be resolved as follows:
The code of banking practice requires that the bank provides reliable, safe and secure banking and payment systems services. Based on this we recommended that the bank refund the complainant the R 5000.00 as the fact that the ATM did not balance indicated that there may have been a problem with the machine on the day in question. We argued that the benefit of the doubt ought to be given to the complainant in this instance.
The bank accepted our recommendation and the complainant was refunded.
Case study 2
The complainant, *Mrs De Wet, alleges that she was withdrawing R1500.00 at the ATM and received a phone call whilst transacting. She became distracted and walked away from the ATM to talk on the phone.
Upon realising that she walked away from the transaction that was still in progress, she went back to the ATM, however the money was dispensed, and it was gone. A bank employee was at the adjacent ATM as she was assisting customers and Mrs. De Wet was of the view that the bank employee took the funds, which the bank employee denied. Mrs De Wet submitted her complaint to the OBS.
After conducting a detailed investigation and assessing the mater, the OBS concluded that there was no proof that the employee stole the money. The complainant was distracted and negligent while transacting at the ATM. She at her own accord forgot the money at the ATM. The bank or the employee cannot be held liable without solid proof.
“These case summaries are just a small sample of the myriad of ATM related complaints that this office receives. The common thread with ATM disputes is that customers are left out of pocket and more often than not, they are to blame for allowing a card swapping or interference from a stranger. In such instances the bank can unfortunately not be held liable. However, there are many ways in which customers can protect themselves and use ATM’s with complete safety and confidence” say Reana Steyn. ATM users should take note of the following tips:
- The first and most important rule is to protect your PIN
- Only key in your PIN when prompted to do so by the ATM
- Stay focussed on the ATM, do not be distracted
- Never keep a record of your PIN on your card or any piece of paper in your wallet, purse, handbag or on your cell phone
- Keep your cash withdrawals to a minimum
- Be careful when you enter an ATM area. Always be on the lookout for criminals and never accept help from strangers, even if they say they are from the bank. Accredited ATM assistants, who will be able to identify themselves as such, will normally be on duty to assist you
- Stand close to the ATM and use your hand and body as a shield when keying in your PIN so that other people cannot see your number
Cancel your ATM card immediately if it is stolen or retained by the ATM. Remember that every second counts, so the best advice is to immediately start dialling the number provided on the machine, even before moving away. Other customers will understand that there is a crisis.
“The last and main message we have to give, is for bank customers to be vigilant and responsible. Rather adopt the good behaviour to protect your money than to go through a loss and inconvenience of trying to recover it. Vigilance is required whilst one is at the ATM, but so is the discipline of reading your bank statement or receipt from the ATM machine important. It enables one to notice and to act on irregularities promptly.,” says the Ombudsman for Banking Services, Reana Steyn.
*Names have been changed to protect the confidentiality of the complainants.
How to complain?
- Lodge a formal, written complaint directly with your bank's dispute resolution department
- Ask for a complaint reference number from your bank
- Allow the bank 20 working days in which to respond to your complaint
- Obtain a written response from your bank
Consumers can contact the office of the Ombuds for Banking Services for free assistance if they experience any banking problems or would like to lodge a complaint against their bank.